Jhall Magsi background
Jhall Magsi background
is named after Jhall Magsi, which is the name of the headquarters of the Magsi
tribe, the major tribe within the district. The Magsi historically are branched
off the Lashar tribes. The present Nawab of Magsi tribe is Zulfqar Ali Khan
Magsi, ex-chief minister of Balochistan.
is divided into two sub-divisions: Gandawah and Jhall Magsi. Both sub-divisions
have a separate and different administrative history.
a historical and ancient town in Balochistan. Its oldest name was Kandabil,
which was renamed Gangaaba during Arab rule During the colonial period this name
was changed to Gandawah. Dr. Akhtar Hameed Khan writes in his book titled
"Ancient and famous cities of the Pakistan" that Gandawah was one of the
provincial headquarters of the Bhil dynasty of India. Similarly, the
encyclopaedia of Islam under alphabet "K", named Kandabil, has put light on this
city. The writing is of Nabi Bux Khan Baloch. The script is supported and cited
by many ancient historical sources. During the Arab rule, Gandawah was a very
important town again. It was the winter headquarters of Khans during Kalat Khant-e-rule.
Gandawah stayed the headquarters of Kachhi province and was part of Nayabati
Balochistan. During colonial period it became the tehsil headquarters (Niabat).
After independence and declaration of the “one unit”, Gandawah was one of the
tehsil headquarters of Kalat district and Kalat division. In 1965, when Kachhi
was notified as a separate district, Gandawah became part of the new district.
Its position was raised to sub-division in 1971. Gandawah became the district
headquarters of Jhall Magsi district, when it was notified on February 16, 1992.
the other important town of the district, is also the headquarters of the Magsi
tribe. It is purely a Baloch area and was part of the Kalat native states during
the colonial period. The Magsi tribe enjoyed an important position during the
role of the Khant-e of Kalat. It remained one of the native states with
sufficient tribe autonomy during the colonial period. Since the Marshala of 1958
it was declared one sub tehsil of Gandawah. Jhall Magsi was raised to the
position of subdivision in 1989.
is rich in archaeological sites and historical monuments. It has archaeological
sites near Khanpur Bahltoor and Kotra (called Pingar Mari) named after Dalorai
Dumb, a former Hindu king. Also important are Dumb Hazoor Bux, Tomb of Moti
Ghoram, which is near old Khanpur, Tomb Altaz Khan near Panj Monah, Tomb Mian
Sahib and Tomb Bhootani.
Many important saints (Pirs) are buried in the district.
Among them are Muhammad Ayub Shah Bukhari (Gandawah), Sain Rakhil Shah and Sain
Chizal Shah (Fatahpur) and Pir Chattal Shah near (Kotra). Their followers visit
these places frequently. Pir Lakha is a famous place near Jhall Magsi, where
bathing cures many skin diseases. Therefore, visitors are visiting Pir Lakha
from far flung areas.
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