given another name (Khudabad) by Ahmedzai Khan but it was never popular. The
district Mastung consists of two sub-divisions: Mastung and Kardgap. There are
four tehsils: Mastung, Dasht, Kardgap and Khad Kucha. The district is divided
into 13 Patwar circles and 280 Muzas.
known of the history of Mastung up to 977 AD, i.e. before the conquest of
Balochistan by Mahmood Ghaznavi. History reveals that Muslim rulers ruled
Balochistan from about the 7th century onward. It is likely that the
Sewas, who belonged to the Rai-dynasty of Sindh, were ruling the Kalat State
before the 7th century.
It is most
likely that the Sewas may have obtained the possession of Kalat after the fall
of Sultan Feroz Dhoh of Delhi. The Sewas were Hindus who were deprived of power
in Sindh about the middle of the 15th century.
and 1545 Mastung was part of Kandahar Sarkar which at that time was under the
rule of Kamran Khan. It was in the summer of 1543 that Emperor Humayyun on his
retreat from India came to Mastung via Sibi. He camped in a garden close to
Mastung (Pringabad). Humayyun had to leave his son Akbar, who was only one year
old, in Pringabad and escaped with his party via Nushki to Garmsel and Herat
(Afghanistan). On Humayyun’s return, two years later, Kandahar again came under
his rule. Between 1556-1595 Kandahar and its dependencies remained under the
Safavid dynasty and later it was again acquired by the Mughals. During the
period of Mughal emperor Akbar, Mastung was a part of the eastern division of
(Akbari Law) mentions Mastung as having a mud fort and paying an annual revenue
of 10 Tumans and 8,000 Dinars in money and 470 Kharwars in grain, and as
furnishing a contingent of 100 horses and 500 foot.
The decay of
the Mughal power coincides with the rise of the Brahuis to a position of near
independence. This state of affairs remained for twelve generations till the
rise of Mir Ahmed who ruled from 1695 to 1696. At this time, Mastung was the
capital of Kalat state and was under Nadir Shah who used to appoint the Khan. In
1736, he appointed Mir Muhabat as Khan of Kalat. Ahmed Shah Abdali was the
successor of Nadir Shah.
Abdali despatched a force against Mastung in 1749. Mir Muhabat was defeated. Mir
Nasir Khan was nominated in his place. From that time till 1839 Khanship
remained in the younger branch of the family. Nasir Khan ruled for 44 years from
1750 to 1794 and is the historical hero of the Brahuis. He is known as “The
Great”. During his reign he rendered much assistance to Ahmed Shah in his
numerous expeditions to Persia and India.
bestowed Quetta, Mastung, Harrand and Dajal on Nasir Khan “The Great”. In 1839
when Mehrab Khan was Khan of Kalat, the British army attacked and took Kalat. In
1854 a first treaty was signed between the Khan and the British. The British
received some concessions, including permission to build railway and telegraph
lines through Kalat territory. This situation prevailed till the partition of
The Khan of Kalat announced to merge his
state with Pakistan and in 1958 Kalat state was incorporated in Pakistan. Since
then, Kalat and Mastung are parts of Balochistan.
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